Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

The architect of the modern Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born in Thessaloniki in 1881. His father was Ali Riza Efendi, a customs official who later went into business. His mother was Zübeyde Hanım, the daughter of an distinguished family from the town of Langaza, near Thessaloniki. Mustafa Kemal completed his education in Thessaloniki before going onto a military training college and then the military academy. After graduating from the academy, he joined the Ottoman army with the rank of captain and proved himself an outstanding officer in a number of theatres of war.

With the aim of liberating his homeland from foreign occupation, he arrived in Samsun in 1919 and launched the National Resistance Movement. After victory in the War of Independence, he was declared President of the Republic and ushered in a set of reforms that would shape the modern Turkish Republic. A tireless worker for his country and his people for fifteen years, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk commands a singular place in the hearts and minds of the Turkish nation. He passed away on the 10th of November, 1938, and was laid to rest at the Anıtkabir mausoleum in Ankara.

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